Treatment options, especially for early and dry Macular Degeneration, include not smoking and maintaining a healthy diet.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for AMD. The aim of treatment is to prevent the condition from getting worse. The earlier the disease is detected, the more vision the patient is likely to retain. Treatments include:
- Anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) drugs – to reduce leakage and bleeding from new blood vessels in the macula
- Photodynamic therapy – uses a light-sensitive chemical and some gentle laser to destroy abnormal blood vessels
- Laser photocoagulation – uses a laser beam close off abnormal blood vessels.